The Indian cricket board, the world’s wealthiest of the game, was worth a colossal Rs 14,489.80 crore at the end of financial year 2018-19, having added Rs 2,597.19 crore to its financial might. This is as per the latest balance sheet available, accessed by IANS. More than half of the Rs 4,017.11 crore the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) earned under “income” during the year came from the 2018 edition of the Indian Premier League (IPL) – Rs 2,407.46 — as per the balance sheet that is still not in public domain while the accounts of 2019-20 are still not ready.
However, it is pertinent to note that the BCCI is involved in several high-profile litigation cases, with Income Tax department, erstwhile IPL Kochi and Deccan Chargers franchises, Sahara, Neo Sports, and the World Sports Group etc. If all these cases/arbitrations go against the BCCI, it will be in deep trouble and may end up paying through its nose.During FY 2018-19, the second biggest income of BCCI came from grant of media rights of the Indian team — Rs 828 crore. At the same time, the BCCI incurred an expenditure of Rs 1,592.12 crore during the year.
The BCCI’s net worth was Rs 5,438.61 crore at the end of FY 2014-15, and at close of 2015-16, the financial year during which it earned a massive Rs 2,408.46 crore, its net worth rose to Rs 7,847.07 crore. Then, the board breached the Rs 8,000-crore mark in 2016-17, taking its net worth to Rs 8,431.86 crore. And in 2017-18, the board added a colossal Rs 3,460.75 crore in just one year to take its worth to Rs 11,892.61 crore. And, now, after the finalisation of the 2018-19 balance sheet, the worth has shot up to Rs 14,889.80 crore.
“As per the Societies Act, under which the BCCI is registered, it should submit its balance sheet within six months of the end of each financial year, besides sharing it with its members (state associations), and the International Cricket Council. Without submitting its balance sheet with the ICC, the BCCI will not get its share of distributions from the world body,” a source was quoted as saying.
The BCCI’s net worth includes, amongst other heads, its bank balance, fixed deposits, and fixed assets etc. Of the BCCI’s Rs 14,489.80 crore net worth, as on March 31, 2019, the main sources include general fund that stands at Rs 3,906.88 crore and earmarked funds, which are Rs 3,243.41 crore.Apart from the IPL, the other main sources of income in 2018-19, according the balance sheet, were the men’s senior international tours/tournaments hosted in India (Rs 446.26 crore), interest from the banks (Rs 290.73 crore), and income from the ICC/Asian Cricket Council (Rs 25.03 crore).
Over the last few years, the BCCI’s income has gone up chiefly because of the sale of the media rights of the Indian team — bilateral Tests, ODIs, and T20 matches played at home — the IPL media rights, national team (jersey) sponsor; and series sponsor.The BCCI’s broadcast rights holder, STAR India, pays Rs 43.20 crore per international match played in India. During FY 2018-19, the BCCI hosted 22 international matches — seven Tests, 10 ODIs, and five T20s — which makes it Rs 950.40 crore.
STAR India also owns the IPL media rights having made a historic bid of Rs 16,347.50 crore for five years (2019-2022), and this translates into Rs 54.50 crore per match.The BCCI has a total of seven sponsors — STAR Sports (broadcaster), Byju’s (team sponsor), PayTm (title sponsor), Dream11, Hyundai, and Ambuja Cement (partners), and kit sponsor (MPL Sports).
Series sponsor PayTM gives Rs 2.42 crore per match; national team jersey sponsor Oppo furnishes Rs 4.61 crore per match, before Byju’s took over (September 5, 2019, to March 31, 2022).As is evident from the above, the BCCI draws its financial might from players and their performances as a team. India, led by Virat Kohli, have a glamorous team and that too is a big attraction for sponsors, despite the market sentiment down at the moment due to Covid pandemic.
At times, however, the BCCI has struggled to find sponsors. The most recent case is of the kit sponsorship deal with Nike that ended after almost 14 years in September last year. There were not many takers for the vacant premium slot. The board eventually entered into a three-year deal with MPL Sports at a much discounted per-match rate.